NATIONL CENTER OF PLANT GENE RESEARCH(WUHAN)
Segmental duplications are common in rice genome
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Segmental duplications are common in rice genome Wang, S. P., K. D. Liu and Qifa Zhang. 2000. Acta Botanica Sinica. 42(11):1150-1155. ABSTRACT Segmental duplications on rice(Oryza sativa L.)chromosomes 8, 9, 11, and 12 were studied by examining the distributions of sequences resolved by 13 probes detecting multiple copies of DNA sequences. Four of the hybridization bands detected by a repetitive sequence probe, rTRS, were mapped to the ends of all the four chromosomes. Two or three of the bands detected by each of the other 12 probes were also mapped to different chromosomes. The bands detected by the same probe usually occurred in similar locations of different chromosomes. Loci detected by different DNA probes were often similarly arranged on different chromosomes. Chromosomes 8 and 9 showed colinearity of marker loci arrangement indicating a possible common origin. A segment on chromosome 9 was also very similar to the previously reported duplicated fragments on the ends of chromosomes 11 and 12 which were also detected in this study, indicating a likely common origin. Moreover, the various degrees of distributional similarity of the segments suggest a complex relationship among the chromosomes in the evolution of the rice genome. These results support the proposition that chromosome duplication and diversification may be a mechanism for the origin and evolution of the chromosomes in the rice genome. Key words chromosomal duplication, repetitive sequence, molecular mapping, evolution, rice