Correlation of simple sequence repeat (SSR) variants in the leader sequence of the waxy gene with amylose content of the grain in rice
Tan, Y. F. and Qifa Zhang.
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2001. Acta Botanica Sinica 43(2):146-150.
variation of two simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in the leader region of the waxy gene was analyzed in a sample of 74 accessions, including Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica, japonica and wild rice (O. rufipogon) representing a wide distribution range of amylose content (AC) in cultivated rice. Eight alleles were detected in the (CT)n motif and two alleles were resolved in the (AATT)n motif. The repeat numbers of the two SSR motifs, (CT)n and (AATT)n, appeared to be inversely related such that the total length of this region was maintained. AC of the varieties was highly correlated with the length of SSRs. Differences in AC among the various SSR genotypes were statistically highly significant as analyzed using genotypes of both SSR motifs. Although the SSR variation did not seem to have obvious function in the synthesis of the starch synthase encoded by the waxy gene, the almost perfect correlation between the two SSRs and AC level could be used for quality improvement in rice breeding programs.
microsatellite DNA, rice quality, amylose content