QTLs for low nitrogen tolerance at seedling stage identified using a recombinant inbred..
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QTLs for low nitrogen tolerance at seedling stage identified using a recombinant inbred line population derived from an elite rice hybrid Xingming Lian(1), Yongzhong Xing(1), Hua Yan(1), Caiguo Xu(1), Xianghua Li(1) and Qifa Zhang(1) (1) National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, 430070 Wuhan, China Publisher: Springer-Verlag GmbH ISSN: 0040-5752 (Paper) 1432-2242 (Online) DOI: 10.1007/s00122-005-0108-y Issue: Volume 112, Number 1 Date: December 2005 Pages: 85 - 96 Received: 15 July 2005 Accepted: 20 August 2005 Published online: 28 September 2005 Communicated by D. Mackill Abstract Tolerance to low nitrogen conditions is a highly desired characteristic for sustainable crop production. In this study, we analyzed the genetic components associated with low N tolerance in rice at seedling stage, including main effects, epistatic effects of the quantitative trait locus (QTLs), and QTL by environment interactions (QEs), using a population of 239 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between Zhenshan 97 and Minghui 63, the parents of an elite hybrid. A genetic linkage map with 253 DNA maker loci was constructed. Seedlings of RILs were cultivated in low N and normal N solutions. Root, shoot and plant weight in the two N treatments were measured and the relative weight of the two treatments for each trait was considered as measurements for low N tolerance. Four to eight QTLs with main effects were detected for each of the nine traits. Very few QTLs were detected in both low and normal N conditions, and most QTLs for the relative measurements were different from those for traits under the two N treatments, indicating very little commonality in the genetic basis of the traits and their relative performance under low and normal N conditions. A total of 103 digenic interactions were detected for the nine traits. While the epistatic effects collectively accounted for large proportions of the variation for several traits, the effects of QEs appeared to be trivial. It was concluded that low N tolerance of rice seedling had complex genetic basis that requires extensive studies for full characterization. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Qifa Zhang Email: Phone: +86-27-87282429 Fax: +86-27-87287092